Established: 1836—Third oldest park in New York City.
Prominent Horticultural Features
- 13 London Plane trees, New York City’s most abundant shade trees, dominate the Square. There are over 900,000 such trees across the city’s five boroughs, representing 15% of its tree population. The London Plane is an ideal city tree—fast-growing, tolerant of pollutants and pruning, and resistant to pathogens or insect pests.
- Other trees in the Square include American Holly, Japanese Dogwood, Japanese Flowering Crab Apple, Japanese Stewartia and Red Cedar.
- Central contoured lawn.
- Over 40 types of plantings. Current plantings include Boxwood, Ferns, Hasta, Knockout Roses, Lariope, Verigated Lariope, and Oak Leaf Hydrangea.
- Plants that have been used frequently include Japanese Skimmia, Windflowers, White and Purple Coneflowers, Lady Ferns, Plantain Lilies and Foam Flowers.
Other Notable Features
- Bronze Doughboy statue commemorating World War I servicemen. Dedicated in 1921.
- VFW (Veteran of Foreign Wars) Post 831, Private Michael J. Lynch Flagstaff, honoring servicemen. Dedicated in 1933.
- Original cast iron fence (1836).
- Original granite curbs (1836).
- Bluestone pathways.
- 37 cast iron column and hoof benches (circa 1850’s).
- Cast iron light poles that replicate New York City’s 19th Century gas poles.